For many homes, the garden often forms a very important part of the living space and a lot of importance is placed on the way a garden should look.

Outdoor furniture is particularly important in houses where the garden is also considered a part of the living room. There are literally dozens of types of furniture which could be placed outdoors in the garden and they go a long way in enhancing the beauty and aesthetic value of not just the garden but the entire house.

There are many types of outdoor furniture ranging from patio furniture to wooden garden furniture. Choosing the right type of furniture could be a bit confusing. It would entirely depend on the customer’s tastes and preferences. It is best to gather a lot of information from various websites and other sources before deciding which type of garden furniture to buy.

Some Dos and Don’ts

When it comes to choosing good furniture for your garden, there are certain important considerations that need to be kept in mind. The first point is the safety aspect of the furniture you buy. Some parts of the garden are vulnerable to cyclones and storms. It is always advisable to have Outdoor furniture such as rattan garden furniture fixed firmly to the ground to prevent them from being blown away and injuring people nearby. Secondly, the garden furniture sets that you buy should be of good quality and they should perfectly match the main furniture placed in the garden.

Taking Care of Your Garden Furniture.

One problem with outdoor furniture especially if they are made out of wood is that they tend to develop cracks and become bloated during the monsoon. Wooden furniture needs special care so that they can remain a part of your garden for many years. Buying good quality and costly outdoor garden furniture is not enough. Maintaining them in a good condition is very important. There are various types of conservatory furniture made of teak and other types of wood which are very trendy. They go a long way in adding to the beauty and aesthetic appeal of the garden. Such special furniture need proper maintenance and care if they are to last a life time.

It is important to remember that the garden is a place where we are closest to nature and hence the furniture that we use in the garden must also respect nature. It should be environment friendly and not cause any damage to the surroundings. Always make it a point to use outdoor furniture made only out of renewable materials. The next thing to remember is to invest a reasonable amount for the proper maintenance of your garden and outdoor furniture. Garden furniture does not come cheap and are quite expensive. If they are not properly maintained, their life span gets reduced drastically.

If you own a large, extraordinary home garden, chances are, you have a garden hose. A garden hose in general is made of flexible rubber tube that carries water. Though some other garden hoses may basically made from vinyl or polyurethane but rubber is the most well known material used.

In fact, garden hose is the simplest way of irrigating your home garden. But if your garden is quite big, you might benefit from having multiple garden hoses connected end to end. The threads at each end of a usual garden hose effortlessly attach with one another.

Moreover, hoses are usually classified into categories depending on usage, overall material used, durability and toughness. Garden hoses can either be three kinds.

The first kind is light duty garden hose. It is made of lightweight material and can be handled relatively easy. You can use of a light duty garden hose for relatively light gardening chores. Light duty garden hose is easy to move around and drag to various area. It is normally made of rubber and can be wrapped around in a spool after use.

Another kind of garden hose is the medium duty. This kind of garden hose is perfect for overall watering purposes. It is generally flexible and durable and has resistant to kinks. Medium duty hoses are perfect for washing your vehicles and watering your lawns. It has also a five year warranty.

Medium duty hoses can provide sufficient water pressure to remove hardened dirt in hard to reach areas. Although a bit heavy, this is awfully helpful in working with large gardens and lawns.

The last kind of garden hose is the heavy duty. For hard watering chores, make use of a heavy duty hose. Extremely kink-resistant, heavy duty hoses come with heavy duty brass octagonal couplings. They are also very flexible. Heavy duty hoses can handle all of your distinctive watering chores such as car washing and gardening. This kind of hose is ideal if you employ your hose heavily as most heavy duty hoses come with lifetime warranties.

Additional types of hoses are obtainable for different purposes and uses. Commonly larger and made with materials tougher than garden hose rubber, some of these kinds of hoses are used for business purposes and are able to handle strong water pressure.

Whether you are an expert gardener or just doing it as a pastime, choose a good garden hose which is handy and useful. It should serve you well in the garden and for different other tasks you might need it for.

Asian-style decor has become quite popular among Westerner’s in recent years. Japanese gardens are influenced by Buddhist, Shinto and Taoist philosophies with the thought that such influences will bring spirituality to the garden. It is with this hope that Japanese-style gardens have pieces such as garden benches, fountains and shoji screens. A Japanese-style garden is a place to meditate, relax and enjoy nature.

Japanese garden benches come in several styles. There are stone benches that have curves rather than straight lines. Rolls, swirls and carved dragon faces are some of what decorate these backless stone benches. Place by a pond with bamboo surrounding it and you will feel as if you have just stepped into a true Japanese garden. Opposite of these rounded benches with dragons carved on the side are simple teak benches, also backless. The teak slats are so close together that it almost looks like a single piece of wood. Stained a honey color, these benches are subtle and invite one to sit and enjoy the garden.

For a garden with lots of space you might consider an outdoor dining set. A slatted teak table, a perfect square in amber tones, compliments 4 teak chairs with a black stain. This set has clean lines and is very contemporary, yet the amber teak hints of Japan. Place a shoji screen at one corner, a fountain nearby and a statue of Buddha to set the scene for many serene dinners outdoors.

The sound of water is often present in Japanese gardens. Water represents serenity and purity and is therefore often used in gardens whether it is a pond, a small stream or a fountain. Whether it is the sound of flowing water, trickling water or the sound of water falling into water is a matter of preference. Consider a Japanese-style fountain. There are many styles to choose from. One popular style is a stone fountain that has a column with a lantern at the top. Water spouts out just below the lantern and lands in a large stone bowl. There are several patinas to choose from and each one is made to look aged and weathered. The soft lighting with the sound of water trickling into the stone bowl will make evenings outside a serene and relaxing experience.

Whether you choose a single piece of Japanese inspired outdoor furniture, or many pieces, your garden will most definitely be enhanced by it, and will become a much more enjoyable area to be in for you and your family, as well as an guests you have in your home.

School of Architecture & Design (SA&D), Manipal University Jaipur is dedicated to provide world class education meeting international standards. It aims to foster creative, innovative and intellectually vibrant learning that would establish academic and professional excellence in architecture. SA&D strives for excellence in imparting architectural education and training for changing socio-cultural aspirations, environmental compulsions, material & technological innovations, the IT revolution and globalization of economies. State of the art facilities, dedicated and experienced faculty and student-centric academic practices not confined to syllabus learning, are the hallmarks of the School. The quality of life at SA&D is designed to mould the students into professionals with good human values.
The Courses
1) Under graduate course in architecture
SA&D offers a five year professional course with a focus on creativity and innovation in architecture, leading to Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arch.) degree. It is approved by Council of Architecture (CoA) and is recognized in India and abroad. It is conducted in two stages. The first stage consists of three years of institutional academic studies. The second stage consists of two years of professional development including one year of practical training. The course covers:
Architectural Design
Architectural graphic skills, manual as well as computer based
Building Construction Technology
Structural Design and Systems
Basic Design and Visual Arts
History of Architecture, Art and Culture
Building Services and Equipment
Workshop Practice and Site Exposure
Building Materials and Sciences
Surveying and Levelling
Estimation, Costing and Specification writing
Climatology, Environmental Studies and Landscape
Humanities
Human Settlements and Vernacular Architecture
Building Bye Laws and Codes of Practice
Theory of Design
Computer Applications in Architecture (non graphic)
Project and Relevant Electives

2) Doctoral Programmes
Doctoral programmes are offered as full time as well as part time research initiatives of Manipal University, Jaipur. SA&D offers research guidance for Ph.D. in architecture and related areas. Scholarships are also given to deserving full time candidates.
Infrastructure and facilities
Besides excellent studios, lecture halls, library, computer lab, digital photography lab, food court, workshops, construction yard and lush green open environment for interactive learning, the school will have its USPs as
Climatology lab where the students will have a feel of the climatic parameters as they affect human comfort.
Architecture lab where students will have a feel of the magnitude and quality of spaces they design on their drawing boards.
Materials Museum, where students will get necessary data about the materials in the market and physically see the latest materials and technologies of building construction.
Exhibition hall, where the outstanding work of students will be displayed. Besides sharing the work of colleagues, it is expected to create a healthy competition amongst the students to continuously improve their performance.
Visual Art Studio, where painting and sculpture workshops will be held to sensitize the students towards aesthetics.

There are many things that go into planning and planting a summer garden. Far too often would be gardeners do not consider the time and energy that should be spent maintaining the summer garden in order to keep your summer garden looking beauty and healthy throughout the long dog days of summer and well, in many cases, into the first frosts of fall. If prolonging the life and beauty of your summer garden is a priority then there are things that must be done in order to keep everything ship shape and in good working order.

Mini gardening goals should be mapped out and you should make all attempts to achieve and follow them as closely as environmental changes permit. Make sure this list allows for upsets such as a week of rain or a week of no rain as well as time to adjust for these inconsistencies and an inability to work in the garden when temperatures are well over the mark on the thermometer that reads uncomfortably hot. You should place a copy of these task or goals in a highly visible spot that you can notice each and every day and more likely make them happen.

Do what you have must to keep the weeds out, and provide proper nourishment to each specific plant you are growing. Check for leaves that are turning yellow and any pruning that needs to occur on a weekly basis. Get rid of the leaves as well as execute necessary cutting as required and take away every weeds when ever the ability or demand comes up. When you feel that weeds are taking over your garden area, you should simply add more mulch to kill them off.

Keep a garden perfectly trimmed so the grass and also flower garden seem properly blended and totally incorporated together. You do not want to ignore the best thing about a garden because your lawn looks unkept and ungroomed. Invest some time to grass maintenance in order to keep your grass and garden over a regular balance together throughout the summer time gardening season.

You must make sure that you are ready to fulfill the specific necessities of the numerous plants and flowers that you are growing inside your flowerbed. Should your plants and flowers that require less sunlit areas or even added liquid happen to be possibly getting too much sun rays or not really enough water you need to come up with attempts to incorporate cover from the sun to them and obtain a lot more h2o to them during the entire outstanding months or else you face the loss of an investment of your time and cash you will have currently made in acquiring and raising these kinds of crops.

Implementing proper care of your garden during the summertime might make the fall gathering operation go far more effortlessly whilst assisting get ready for the actual preparing that should happen in the winter months ahead of you. Learn from the maintenance of your garden and plan the next garden with the needs you became aware of this season in mind. Always take time to learn from both your successes and your summer gardening failures for the best possible results. Understanding how to take care of your flowerbed is the best strategy to see whether or not you would like to chance a pretty much driven flower garden in the future growing months.

Many 401(k) providers use terms such as “open architecture 401(k)” and “fee disclosure” in their marketing efforts, but what do those terms really mean? Instead of limiting a plan to a specific list of funds, a true open architecture 401(k) format allows plans to select investments from hundreds of mutual fund families and exchange traded funds (ETFs) without impacting the provider’s fees to the plan. This design allows plan sponsors and plan designated investment advisors to fully customize their fund lineups based on the needs of their participants.

Fee disclosure, also known as “fee transparency” occurs when the 401(k) provider ensures that the plan sponsor and plan designated investment advisor can see exactly what they are paying for within the plan. With “full fee transparency,” all fees (, 12(b)1 fees, sub-transfer agency fees etc.), in addition to provider fees, are fully disclosed and explained to the plan sponsor and the plan designated investment advisor.

Full fee transparency is important because while many 401(k) plan providers allow plans to customize their fund lineups, some providers alter the fees they charge based on the funds chosen for a particular retirement plan or reduce the amount of revenue sharing passed through to the plan. (Revenue sharing can be defined as fees paid by the mutual fund companies to service providers for performing recordkeeping services and/or sub-transfer agency services to retirement plans.) These incidentals greatly influence the bottom line of a participant or plan balance. Examples of these fees or limitations include:

*Charging additional fees if the plan chooses funds that that are outside of the 401(k) provider’s standard group of funds.

*Varying fees charged to the plan based on revenue-sharing arrangements between the 401(k) provider, third party administrator and fund families.

*Limiting the selection of investments to a list of funds that pay the provider a certain amount of revenue share

*Requiring that plans include a specific number funds that are sponsored by the provider

As a fiduciary, plan sponsors or the plan designated investment advisor must act solely in the interest of the participants with the purpose of providing benefit to them. Therefore, it is important that the plan sponsor and the plan designated investment advisor understand all of the fees charged to the plan and its participants.

In the past, providers had the option to wrap these fees in with plan costs, making the fees difficult to find or understand. In January 2012, the Department of Labor will implement Rule 408(b)(2) which requires that covered 401(k) providers fully disclose all fees to plans.

At the same time, the DOL will implement a participant disclosure rule requiring covered plans to disclose all investment related fee information to its participants. These regulations will help both the plan and its participants become fully aware of what they are paying in their retirement plans.

A true open architecture 401(k) format will allow the plan to select from nearly all registered mutual funds or ETFs without seeing their plan fees adjusted.

Kalanchoe plants are pretty dry garden bloomers known for their bright colorful flowers. They’re great succulent plants for dry landscapes or as houseplants in container gardens indoors. Kalanchoes are in the Crassulaceae or, Stonecrop family. Most varieties are perennial and evergreen.

One of the most popular form of kalanchoe species grown today is kalanchoe blossfeldiana and its many hybrid plants. Kalanchoe blossfeldiana plants grow up to 2 feet tall and as wide. They have large, leathery leaves about 2 1/2 inches long and 1 1/2 inches wide. The leaf edges are usually lightly scalloped and may have a slight tint of red or other color. Some hybrid plants have smooth edges and different colors on the leaf.

Flowers bloom in upright, large clusters from 2 to 3 inches across, and are made up of small daisy like flowers of 5 petals. The stamens are usually yellow and can stand out brightly depending on the flower color. Flower colors can range from white, yellow, orange, red, pink and everything in between. Flowers can also be creamy, dreamy pastels, or have flowers with more than one color, but kalanchoe blossfeldiana are mainly known for neon bright colors. These drought tolerant plants make a bold statement in the garden with their glowing, bright flower colors. Bloom is heaviest in spring, but they can bloom all year with a little feeding of fertilizer after the first bloom.

Care of kalanchoes outdoors is easy in mild winter areas. They are hardy to USDA Zone 10b, or 35 degrees, (Sunset Zone: 17, 21-24), These plants can take full sun to part shade in the garden. Outdoors, if it gets over 100 degrees for more than a few days, or your plants develop brown spots it may be getting sunburn. Either move the pots, or provide a little shade during the hottest part of the day. Indoors they prefer a bright windowsill with lots of light. Indoors, place plants near a bright window.

Kalanchoes are popular gifts during the winter and make nice housewarming presents. If you are lucky enough to receive one the first thing you might want to do is see if the soil is dry. If so, give your plant some water and let it drain in the sink. Then move them outside if you are in a mild winter area, or to a windowsill if it is cold outside.

Seeds saved from hybrid plants will not grow out to look the same as the parent plants. It is much easier to propagate kalanchoe with leaf or stem cuttings. Place the cuttings in damp soil, and keep the soil moist for the first two weeks. After that, let the soil dry out between waterings.

Water requirements are low. They can take average garden water, but will also grow well with much less. In my garden a few plants are out in a section with the natives and other drought tolerant plants and they do quite well. To avoid root rot, let the soil dry out before you water them again.

Kalanchoe plants also do well in container gardens. Since they can handle drought, they are a bit more forgiving than other plants if you forget to water them! They look great on the patio or as a focal point on your table.

Coverage: Plant and equipment often constitute a considerable part of a building contractor’s investment. Contractor’s Plant and Machinery insurance is an exclusive all risks policy covering the plant and machinery used by the contractors at the site for various projects.
Contractors Plant and Machinery Insurance covers the property whether they are at work or at rest, or being dismantled for the purpose of cleaning or overhauling, or in the course of operations or when being shifted within the premises or during subsequent re-erection, but in any case only after successful commissioning.

Interest Covered: Illustrations of machineries/equipment that can be covered under Contractors Plant & Machinery insurance are-
– Earthmoving equipment: Bulldozer, grader, scraper, excavator, loader, dumper, etc
– Concrete mixer, concrete pumps
– Lifting equipment and drilling equipment Road surfacing equipment:
– Batching plant for production of concrete of asphalt
– Concrete or bitumen paving machines
– Bitumen tank sprayers (iv) rollers

Duration: Normally on annual basis and to be renewed periodically

Scope: It is an all risks insurance policy covering loss or damage to the property by any cause other than those excluded-
– Fire, lightning, explosion, aircraft damage
– Riot, strike, malicious act
– Flood, inundation, storm, cyclone and allied perils
– Landslide, subsidence and rockslide
– Burglary and theft
– Collision, overturning and falling of foreign object
– Any other sudden, unforeseen, accidental damages not explicitly excluded

Exclusions: Some of the special exclusions under the policy are-
– Electrical /mechanical breakdown
– Vehicles designed and licensed for general road
– Hull and machinery of waterborne vessel/crafts
– Plant/machinery working underground
– Equipments undergoing testing
– Replaceable parts
– Loss or damage due to explosion of boiler/pressure vessel
– Total or partial immersion in tidal waters
– Whilst in transit
– Consequential Loss

Extensions: Cover can be extended to includes up to a limit chosen by you on the following on payment of additional premium-
– Owner’s surrounding property
– Clearence and removal of debris
– Additional customs duty
– Express freight
– Air freight
– Third party liability
– Floater cover
– Dismantling
– Earthquake
– Escalation”””

Bedding plants have become an indispensable item for landscape use, presenting an array of flowers and foliage that add colour and texture to the landscapes of homes, apartment complexes, shopping malls, public buildings, city streets and parks.

They are ideal for planting on their own or with most other plants in a whole range of arrangements such as hanging baskets, tubs and pots, window boxes, troughs and of course in borders in the garden. Bedding plants are temporary so your displays can be different each year.

Bedding plants are really all plants that, irrespective of their growing habits, are used to make a temporary show. For example: Busy Lizzies (Impatiens) and Fibrous Begonias enjoy shady areas as will Pansies, Canterbury Bells, Lobelia and Coleus.

The ever popular are Surfinia, Geraniums, Alyssum, Ageratum, Verbena, Marigolds and Fuchsias for tubs, hanging baskets and borders.

Bedding plants are traditionally planted in early spring when the danger of frost is past. Bedding plants include herbaceous annuals such as Petunia, Salvia, Ageratum and Perennials such as Canna, Chrysanthemum, and Lantana. They are available commercially, but many people find that germinating their own plants and caring for them until they are ready for flower beds is both satisfying and inexpensive.

Harden-off the plants by gradually getting them acclimatised to the weather conditions outside. Start with ventilate the coldframe by opening the lid slightly on warm, still days only, closing it at night. After a few days, gradually increase the amount of ventilation each day until you remove the lid completely. Summer bedding plants, such as Antirrhinums and Alyssum, can be moved out a month before the last frost date. Tender plants such as Begonias, Busy Lizzies and Pelargoniums should not be placed into the coldframe before the last expected frost date.

Bedding plant sites should be spaded or tilled several weeks before planting. Incorporation of organic matter into planting beds will increase nutrient and water holding capacities of these soils. Organic materials such as compost or peat should be thoroughly mixed into the soil.

It is important to blend colours together – try planting drifts of colour in borders. Use ‘hot’ colours – reds, yellows, oranges, or ‘cool’ colours – blues, lavender, silver and white for different effects.

Bedding plants should be watered immediately after planting and daily until they have become established. After establishment, they should be watered on an “as needed” basis. The frequency of irrigation will depend on soil type, exposure to sunlight and kind of bedding plant

Hanging baskets may require watering more than once a day, especially during hot weather. If the compost does dry out, water thoroughly and repeat. Create good drainage to prevent waterlogging in containers.

Unless you have wide knowledge about architecture design and ideas to improve the style of the house, you cannot withstand long enough in the business. It is true that sometimes it is hard to find suitable architect who designs plan for building your dream home. There are plenty of such professionals in the field that it becomes difficult to choose the right person from the lot. Either the pricing would be high or the designs they show you may not be impressive. Before looking for the architect or engineer to make your plans live, it is necessary that you should fix the right budget for residential architecture. You cannot make ends meet within the small budget and hence you should be aware of the current cost and rate of materials before selecting a design. Be realistic when you choose the home design so that you can construct your dream home within your budget.

In reality, if you are prepared to spend more amounts, then you can have excellent interiors as well as exterior design. Your builder will help you giving new ideas to include a swimming pool and garden for you to relax. He would add a patio for spending time in the evenings with your family. The kitchen can be superbly designed with outstanding marbles and wall colors with fully furnished appliance and accessories. Everything depends on the factor how much is your budget. There are plenty of talented designers in the market who can make things which are impossible come true. They will guide you in every single step so that you are not disappointed in any aspect.

While choosing the designer, you make sure that he is familiar with what you are expecting from him. He should have some experience in particular roof style and flooring so that it fits right into your budget. You can get referrals from your friends for choosing the best designer for residence. Alternatively you can also browse the web for knowing more types of styles and designs and familiarize yourself with the latest design. Many architects will have a catalogue to show you different types of designs for exteriors which make your home stand unique. A house will look appealing and distinct only if the external architecture design is beautiful. By referring the internet, you will get various ideas and learn about the residential architecture designs for building the inner parts and exteriors of your house. Ultimately you should be completely satisfied with the outcome and for which you are paying a hefty amount to the architect.