Prof. P. JAYARAMAN was born on 15.12.1936 in a village called Vettavalam in Thiruvannamalai District in Tamil Nadu. He had his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in Botany from Presidency College, Chennai. He was the last Ph.D. student of Dr. B.G.L. Swamy who is one of the eminent Professors of Plant Morphology and also a former Principal of Presidency College, Chennai. His area of specialization was Plant Anatomy. He studied and served in the Presidency College, Chennai.

He is one of the renowned teachers in the field of Plant Anatomy in India. He has guided more than 10 Ph.D. students directly and offered research expertise to more than 100 Ph.D. scholars indirectly. He retired from Service in 1995, but he has not retired from Science/scientific studies. Just after his retirement, he has established a Research Laboratory in Chennai viz., PLANT ANATOMY RESEARCH CENTRE (PARC), which is located at No. 4, 2nd Street, Sakthi Nagar, West Tambaram, Chennai – 600045. Phone No. 044-22263236, E-mail ID: .

Research Scholars, Students, Teachers, Scientists and others from different disciplines of Plant Sciences across the country visit his laboratory for identification, authentication, consultation and guidance, anatomical description of plant organs and also to seek his expert opinion before proceeding to any research in plant anatomy/medicinal plants. People also visit PARC for referring rare and valuable books, Ph.D. theses, Dissertations, Journals etc. In fact, PARC is a REFERENCE CENTRE for the Herbal Scientists and Plant Anatomists. He has a Repository of more than 500 Voucher slides in PARC.

He has attained 75 years in December 2010. He devoted two third of his life span (about 45 years) to study different plant groups anatomically and gained a wealth of knowledge in Plant Anatomy as well as in Medicinal Plants. I can proudly say that in India, no one has studied the plants anatomically, the way he has studied. He is a -LIVING ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PLANT ANATOMY’. There is a famous biblical scripture that -Man looks at the outward appearance, but God looks at the Heart. Yes, he looks at the -HEART, MIND and SOUL of PLANTS’, that is, the VASCULATURES (Vascular structures), which enables us to differentiate one species from the other anatomically.

He deserves to be designated as the -FATHER OF INDIAN PLANT ANATOMY’. In recognition of his untiring service and outstanding contribution to the field of Plant Anatomy, he may be decorated as the -FATHER OF INDIAN PLANT ANATOMY’. Let us all pray to Almighty to give him pink health, wealth and longevity to serve the scientific fraternity.

With the decline of the economy and the housing market over the last several years, many new home buyers have been forced to put their dream houses on the back burner until the market turns around. In lieu of a new home purchase, many current home owners are choosing to make renovations on their existing dwellings. This will not only bring a fresh environment for owners to occupy, but increase their resale value when the time comes. While there are a number of ways to make improvements, not all will bring a solid return on the investment. Let’s take a look at some remodeling projects that provide the best bang for the buck.

Arguably the most popular home improvement is the kitchen remodel. A kitchen redesign can offer one of the greatest returns on investment. Granite countertops are one of the most requested upgrades for new home builds and can be a great place to start. Updating cabinets are another good option. If replacing cabinets is not in your budget, consider painting or staining your existing units. Stainless steel appliances continue to be in high demand for buyers as well.

Bathrooms are another area of the home that can significantly raise value when upgraded. Like kitchens, bathroom countertops can be a good place to start. Alternatively replacing sink and cabinets with a vanity can be a stylish way to go. Wall and flooring treatments can really improve your space as well. Adding tile to floors, walls, or backsplash can really enhance the bathroom’s appearance.

Throughout the home, replacing or upgrading flooring treatments can offer a great value. Hardwood floors continue to be an attractive option to buyers. Replacing old carpeting can be a wise move as well. If purchasing new carpet is not an option, you should consider a shampoo or steam cleaning instead. Ceramic or stone tiles can greatly enhance flooring in entry ways, kitchens, bathrooms, and hallways.

Treating your walls to a fresh coat of paint can really go a long way. Neutral colors can offer the widest appeal to prospective buyers when you go to sell your home. You might also want to take into consideration the contrast between fixtures and furniture when choosing wall colors also.

As energy costs continue to rise and the public’s awareness of the environment increases, new windows can be a smart upgrade. Adding double pane windows can help conserve energy and decrease utility costs. Using an energy efficient window treatment can definitely increase value.

Garden hose quick connectors empower speedy attachment of hoses to spigots or of quite a few hoses together for additional length, or of hose end attachments.4 Things You Should Perceive About coaxial cable connector types. There are quick connectors for any configuration of male- and female-end hoses and attachments.smb coaxial connector are in the Leading Place in the List of Most Wanted Options in 2009. The two pieces simply snap together to form a watertight seal by the hose gasket inside the female portion. Screw a female quick connector onto the garden hose spigot. Turn the connector clockwise to tighten it fully. Screw a male quick connector onto a garden hose on the end that would normally screw onto the spigot. Insert the male connector into the female connector until it snaps into place audibly. Attach a male quick connector on the opposite end of the hose and a female connector to an additional hose or to an attachment by screwing them on in a clockwise direction. Snap the two together to connect two hoses together to create an extra long hose, or snap the hose end to an attachment. Repeat this process to add as many hoses together as need be to reach long distances from the garden hose spigot. Screw a male connector on the end of the length or lengths of hose where the water will exit, and attach a female quick connector to any type of sprinkler or garden hose attachment. Then snap the male connector into the female connector to utilize attachment. Disassembly Shut the water flow off at the garden hose spigot.Place one hand on the male connector and one hand on the female connector. Pull back the collar on the female connector and pull the male connector out to disconnect. This process is for collar-type quick connect hose connectors. Place one hand on the male connector and the other hand on the female connector. Push the two buttons on each side of the female connector inward at the same time. Pull the male connector out of the female connector. This process is for button-type quick connect hose fittings. Remove all connections in this manner to disconnect sprinklers, lengths of hose and the hose at the spigot. Garden hose quick connectors have 4 configurations to fit both the male and female ends of hoses and hose end attachments. Hardware stores and home improvement centers carry garden hose quick connectors.This type of garden hose connector is available in brass, which is more expensive but longer lasting, and in plastic. Some brands of garden hose quick connectors contain a valve inside that automatically shuts off the water flow upon disconnection. In this case, the water does not need to be shut off at the spigot to disconnect hoses and attachments.

Pruning raspberry plants does more than just keep your plants under control. To insure that light and air can get inside the plants and to facilitate pruning, keep your raspberry plants controlled in a row. To force your ever bearing raspberries to produce only one crop in the fall, prune back the entire raspberry bush in early spring. Make sure you don’t let them grow no more then 12 to 18inches. Knowing what to look for when buying raspberry bushes for your garden is very important to their success. New Heritage Raspberry plants produce huge berries without constant maintenance. Heritage Raspberry plants are a newly developed berry bush, bred and they produce huge, delicious berries. Also they have long season of fruiting. You’ll enjoy these delicious berries from June until winter much longer than most berry bushes, also they are better disease and drought resistance. Flavorful raspberries of the highest quality can be grown right in your own backyard. Raspberry bushes running riot are not only a nuisance, the taste and amount of the fruits will decline. Two years are required to establish a raspberry plant, but once established the planting can remain productive for several years if given good care. I do suggest you be careful of those poison ivy plants that may be growing next to the Raspberry plants.

Mulch is a useful tool for growing raspberries. The Romans spread the seed of raspberries throughout their empire as evidenced by seed of the raspberry vine in archaeological excavations in England that demonstrate that the English were gardeners growing richly with raspberry vines and raspberry bushes. Raspberries are best marketed by pick-your-own operations, due to the short shelf life, but the demand for raspberries has increased to a point that the berries are flown in by refrigerated air freight to satisfy to the demand for the raspberry. The growth habit of raspberries can be described as trailing raspberry vines or as erect, upright canes. High in antioxidants, these raspberries are every bit nutritious as they are flavorful. Besides their excellent flavor, raspberries are a nutritious food, contributing vitamins A and C and various minerals to the diet. Early to mid-season large and attractive fruits with mild flavor, medium to large fruits with good quality and flavor. Medium sized fruit with good flavor and freezing quality, small fruit with good color and fair flavor moderately productive. Vary cold hardy Medium sized fruit with good flavor. Medium to large sized fruit with good flavor. Large and reddish fruits that are sweet and flavorful when eaten fresh. Red late medium sized fruits with good color and flavor, firmness, and freezing quality. The fruiting canes of both raspberries and blackberries are fast-growing biennial croppers, while their roots are perennial. It takes practice to tell blackberry and raspberry canes apart, the only differences are that the raspberry canes are a little greener and more slender, while the blackberry canes are somewhat stouter and browner, and have ridges along the stem.

Freshly prepared and sugared raspberries are excellent when served alone or used to make a raspberry sundae. The red type is the second most popular type the red raspberry is first to ripen, followed by the black, purple, and yellow cultivars. It is also helpful to visit extension agents or local raspberry growers for information about cultivars that are good for your local area. The fruiting canes of both raspberries and blackberries are fast-growing biennial croppers, while their roots are perennial. Raspberries can host anthracnose, a blight which isn’t fatal to the raspberry carrier, but which might destroy nearby blackberries. But when you grow raspberries, you can do some maintenance on your raspberry bush that will help the plant to thrive and produce excellent fruit. There are many useful products obtained from raspberries, like Ice cream, jam, jelly, black raspberry petites fores, raspberry juice, and of course fresh raspberry fruits. For more tips on gardening to go

Exterior landscaping, hardscaping and retaining walls are some of the newest trends in exterior home improvement. Landscaping has been an old practice of homeowners, but through innovative ideas, designs and modern technology, it has become more interesting and necessary. Landscaping doesnt only develop a homeowners creativity, but also enhances the beauty of our surroundings.

If you are considering landscaping in Seattle, you will definitely need help and assistance from professionals in this field. Tapping the best ones is not a problem since there are a lot of reliable landscape companies in Seattle that you can avail great service from. With their guidance, skills and equipment, you can be assured of excellent and remarkable results afterwards.

Just like landscaping, you will need a great deal of help if you are also contemplating on retaining walls in Seattle. You definitely cannot perform the job by yourself because like other aspects of home improvement, its a tedious job that requires full attention and proper handling. Therefore, if youre about to have your home undergo wall retaining to make it more attractive, better call your trusted and dependable contractor for retaining walls or else you might regret the end result. Putting this kind of task in the hands of those whove mastered the craft, will make you happier in the end for they will meet your expectations.

However ideal a home improvement is, its important to note that retaining walls and landscaping are costly. It would help if you could calculate your possible expenses before getting the job done so that you can prepare the required budget. List down the things you want done or repaired in your home. Dont forget to include the materials that are needed for the job. After doing this lay out a budget plan but if you are not aware of the expenses you could accrue, request from the contractor an estimated rate that would be inclusive of all the services and materials. All it really takes to improve your home is good preparation to avoid budget shortage or worse, an unfinished project.

Knowing what you want to improve in your home is very important. Looking even into the tiniest detail of home improvement is always advantageous. This can be achieved with the help and proper guidance of the pros. If in doubt, always turn to them for they will never do anything to ruin your home. Relying on somebody who is clueless of landscaping, hardscaping and other areas of home improvement will only bring forth what you dread for your home.

Be wise, practical and ready.

Interiors design greatly depends upon the fact that how well your landscape represents itself. Elegance of the post modern era and now in the modern times landscape has always carried the visitors eye catch path, hence its of the utmost importance that your landscape architect carries these specialization as a landscape is a broad field and may cater to various fields:
Public safety and hygiene.
Campus landscape design for educational institutions.
Promote parks, Wildlife and eco friendly products.
Assessments of private and non private firm for Landscape Architect.
Redesign of the old monuments and historic things with proper planning.
Public utility design.
Mentioned points are one of the numerous functions that have to be handled and functions to be looked upon by the landscape architect.
Products used in the landscape designing plays a very essential role both in building a monument, home and a country in total. Stop and think about the products you intend to use before you start landscaping. Home landscapers may use products for landscape that may pollute the water bodies by toxic chemicals and other fertilizers. Smart landscaping reduces water pollution.
Landscape products like bullnose step treads and Pilasters are used for the iconic representation and beautify the creation. Outdoor Architecture for steps can be designed and built in an array of different looks and styles.
This landscape design combination should be designed and built by a professional landscape architect because there are so many variables. It takes a pro to mesh this combination into a thing of beauty.

Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple which is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu. This is among the most famous temples of India which is known throughout the world for its outstanding and impressive architectural beauty. In Hindu religion temple is the place which is reserved for spiritual and religious activities that include prayers and analogous rites.
Sri Meenakshi temple of Madurai is dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Meenakshi (Parvati). Goddess Meenakshi is an incarnation of the Goddess Parvati who is worshiped mainly by South Indians. The utmost architectural wonder of this templeis a testimony to the affluent Dravidian Culture. Some of the prominent features of this colossal temple are:

Temple Architecture:
This temple was built by Kulasekara Pandyan around 2000 years ago. The colossal structure of this temple is among the finest preserved monuments of the Dravidian style of temple architecture. Architectural and sculptural magnificence is the aspect of this temple which makes it popular throughout the world. The temple premise is surrounded by elevated wall which is adorned with various paintings and sculptures. The main deities of this temple are Lord Sundareswarar and Goddess Meenakshi, whose sanctums are encircled by number of smaller shrines and majestic pillared halls. Among the several magnificent structures the most striking ones are the 12 gopurams which are known for their bright colors painting and decoration of stucco figures of deities, animals, monsters, demigods, and celestial nymph.

Ashta Shakthi Mandapam:
This is located at the eastern entrance of the temple which is known for its 1,008 lamp holders. During festive occasions these lamps are lighted which gives spectacular sight to this place. Pillars of this structure are known for their carvings which depict the stories related to Meenakshi’s birth and LordShiva’s Thiruvilayadals (miracles). These pillars are carved on various mythological themes which mesmerizes visitors.

Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam:
It is situated adjacent to the Astha Shakthi Mandapam which is known for its 110 pillars. These pillars are famous for their beautiful carvings based on various religious and non-religious themes. A figure of animal with a lions body and an elephants head called Yalli is extremely beautiful.

Porthamarai Kulam (Golden Lotus Tank): >
This is the sacred lake situated inside the temple premises, in which devotees take bath. According to the Indian mythology it is believed that Indra bathed in this tank to wash away his sin, and then worshiped Lord Shiva with golden lotus flowers from the tank. It is surrounded by the corridor which is known for its beautiful sculptures based on various religious themes. The pillars on the northern side of this corridor are decorated with 24 poets of the Third Tamil Sangam.

Some of the other well known attractions of grand Dravidian style edifice are Oonjal Mandapam, Swami Sundareswarar Shrine, Kalyana Mandapam, Aayiram Kaal Mandapam or Thousand Pillar Hall and many more.

Most gardeners consider the azalea shrub as an easy plant to grow, if located in the most suitable environment. Azaleas can be divided into two recognizable groups, the evergreen azalea and the deciduous azalea, which drops all of its leaves in the fall during cold weather. Most deciduous azaleas grown in an ornamental garden are native plants of the American forests, and the group consists of approximately 16 species that vary in color from: white, pink, yellow, red and bi color.

Deciduous azaleas are native plants (16 species) to America and many other azalea species have originated in oriental foreign countries such as Japan and China. William Bartram first described the flame azalea in 1773 and recorded his observations in his famous book, Travels, when he explored the Southeastern U.S with his father John Bartram, both being natives of Philadelphia, Pa. William Bartram described the flame azalea in full bloom at the banks of the “Chata Uche River”, page 45, “was just ready to open its fragrant blossoms, and the gay azalea also preparing to expand its beauties” . Bartram wrote page 321, “The fiery Azalea, flaming on the ascending hills or wavy surface of the gliding brooks.” He further said that the name, ” fiery”, best expressed the appearance of the azalea flowers. Bartram described the colors of flame azaleas; “the colour of the finest red lead, orange and bright gold, as well as yellow and cream colour.” Bartram stated that every one of these colors could sometimes be found flowering on a single plant. Bartram vividly described the beauty of these virgin primitive plantings in the original forests of America. He wrote ” the clusters of the blossoms cover the shrubs in such incredible profusion on the hill sides, that suddenly opening to view from dark shades, we are alarmed with the apprehension of the hill being set on fire. This is certainly the most gay and brilliant flowering shrub yet known…..the plant exhibits a greater show of splendor.”

Evergreen azalea plants also drop their leaves, appearing to be evergreen, but they actually grow two sets of leaves simultaneously, dropping a few leaves in the fall. The azalea shrub is a shallow rooted plant, and it is one of those rare shrubs that can flourish when planted beneath the shade of pine trees. The aggressive root and extensive coverage of the underground surface of pine tree roots is dense and presents a difficult growing medium for most other companion plants to co-exist. Camellia flowering shrubs and dogwood flowering trees manage to grow well under pine trees as successfully as the azalea shrub. The filtered light of the pine tree is perfect for growing attractive spring flowering azaleas, camellias and flowering dogwood trees. Pine trees also thrive and grow well in acidic soils, having a soil pH of 5.5 or less that is also ideal for growing the azalea shrub.

Azalea shrubs rarely need any supplemental fertilizing. The shallow fibrous roots of the azalea shrub can be severely burned by fertilizer if overdone. Over fertilizing could result in root rot and lead to the eventual death of the plant. Shade tree leaves placed around the base of the azalea shrub will decay and release natural essential fertilizer elements and absorb the activated minerals to be taken up by the roots. Most nursery growers report that more azalea shrubs are damaged or killed by kindness than by negligent treatment.

Let me introduce a plant commonly known as Moringa oliefera and an also known by another name that is Moringa, although there has been lot said about moringa plant and its benefit, For centuries Moringa plant was used as source of medicine, in the India and West Africa but with the passage of time as its importance was unveiled more and more uses has been made of Moringa Plant.

Before I proceed further let me cite here a brief intro about Moringa although it does not require so but still I feel every time I write something about this plant, it should be briefly described, and the purpose behind this is to show the importance of this plant. So if we talk about the height of Moringa plant, it can reach to the height of almost 36 feet when the plant is in full swing, and the good thing about this is that it can reach the height of 9 meters in a single year, thus it is included in the one of the fastest growing plant.

If we talk about the advantages of Moringa Oliefera , they are so many that I may need many more articles to describe its benefits, it has not only medicinal importance but now Moringa is being used as a natural herbal food, besides this it is a rich source of vitamins. Let me cite here some of the medicinal uses first and then I will throw some light on its uses as food.

The most important medicinal use that I think of this plant and have been proved beneficial in healing from many ailments and trouble, and this thing has been proved from the various Now a days there is another common disease and that is blood pressure, and if you are one of those who has the problem of blood pressure, then you should be taking the Now a days there is another common disease and that is blood pressure, and if you are one of those who has the problem of blood pressure, then you should be taking the leaves of Moringa plant and you will see the difference that not only blood pressure will be controlled but you will start feeling that you are living a normal life again, besides this it also controls the Glucose level in the blood.

This is not only it but Moringa Plant has been found beneficial for the treatment of anxiety intestinal parasites and skin infections, and many other diseases, for more information and benefits of Moringa plant please visit ww.baternafarms.com.

Buildings informational modelling (BIM) from Autodesk Revit Architecture 2011 may be the a fresh high engineering, which connects architects, developers and constructors. BIM engineering allows to formulate and talk, successfully create digital models at any period of method, to review behaviour of buildings in real conditions due to creation and using of coordinated, unified and connected designing information.

This post is used for producing essential selections, formation high-quality engineering specifications, operational characteristics predicting, an evaluation of expenditures and civil work planning, and then for creating infrastructure management.

Revit Architecture 2011 provides chance to focus on the main thing – the creative portion of buildings designing. You are able to assist model in different convenient rendering, easily and rapidly make changes, get ready working drawings on the basis of 3D models. Three-dimensional views will help to present your ideas towards the client a lot more visually. Even at past due periods building model customization will not bring any difficulties, because all cuts, facades, specifications along with other files are up-to-date immediately.

The building informational modelling supplies the full method of the structure designing due to electronic reproduction of actual construction process. You train with an uniform model, avoid separate files. The design parametrical changes technologies ensures coordination of all interconnected elements of the project – from types of models, cuts and plans approximately sheets of drawings and specifications.

The first type of a building is established from simple form building components in Autodesk Revit Architecture 2011 ; they can be received through the volume geometry created in Rhino, Sketchup, AutoCAD, 3D MAX, etc. In Architecture 2011 the imported objects are transformed to objects of the architectural composition, which then are transformed to objects to construct designing – walls, roof slopes, overlapping and safeguarding frameworks.

In Revit Architecture 2011 all 2D and three dimensional views, drawings and specifications are representation of the building database. All modifications extend on all model simultaneously, including the design documentation.

Autodesk Architecture 2011 will help you considerably reduce time and practical information on projecting, and also to improve quality of designing. Demonstration videos and interactive presentations will present link between your projects visually realistically. Revit Architecture offers architect several advantages both for private and group.