The term Victorian architecture refers to a number of styles of architecture, which was primarily used during the Victorian period. These architectural styles were quite popular during the period of mid 1837 to the beginning of 1901. This period marked the rule of Queen Victoria and was named after her.

The Victorian era of architecture, was marked by a number of styles, such as Renaissance Revival, Neo-Grec, British Arts and Crafts movement, Italianate, Gothic Revival, Jacobethan, Neoclassicism, Industrial architecture, Painted ladies, Queen Anne, Stick-Eastlake, Romanesque Revival, as well as Second Empire.

There have also been Folk as well as Shingle Style Victorian Houses. As it is, the names of the architectural styles, apart from their adaptations had varied between the countries. Several homes merged the elements of various styles and therefore are not easily discernible as one particular style. In the United States, highly decorated houses have often been addressed to as gingerbread houses.

Some of the most prominent Victorian era cities include Richmond, London, Toronto, Boston, St. Louis, Louisville, Saint Paul, Galena, Nelson, Sydney, Melbourne, IL, Galveston, Chicago, Detroit, San Francisco, Glasgow, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pittsburgh, Manchester, Philadelphia, Grand Rapids, as well as New Orleans.

In the United States, the South End of the city of Boston has been recognized as the oldest, as well as the largest Victorian neighborhood of the country. Old Louisville in Kentucky is also believed to be one of the largest Victorian neighborhood of America.

Apart from that, Richmond, Virginia is also home to a number of large Victorian neighborhoods, with the Fan and Church Hill, being the most prominent. Church Hill enjoys the distinction of being a place where Patrick Henry had given his famous speech at the historic Saint John’s church.

The Distillery District of Toronto is home to the largest as well as the best preserved collection of industrial architecture of the Victorian-era in North America. Apart from that, Cabbage town has been the largest as well as the most continuous Victorian style residential area of North America. The other Victorian neighborhoods of Toronto include Annex, Corktown, Park dale, as well as Rosedale.

The Old West End neighborhood in Toledo, Ohio has been recognized as the one having the biggest collection of the late Victorian as well as Edwardian architectural homes of the United States. Carroll Avenue of Los Angeles contains the city’s highest concentration of homes of Victorian style.

There is something really fascinating about the Victorian era and almost everything related to this period, continues to fascinate us to this date, especially Victorian architecture.

The NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) will open the gates of the best architectural and design colleges in the country for you as it acts as the gate pass for entering the prestigious institutions in India .The National Institute for Advanced Studies in Architecture is responsible for holding the NATA examination, The Council Of Architecture is the governing body for this entire activity.

One of the best things about the NATA examination is that every aspirant from all walks of life are given an equal opportunity to apply for this examination which proves to be a tough challenge for all those who want to reach high skies. This means the probability of a candidate clearing NATA is low. But that does not deter the confidence of all these candidates that apply in lakes for a shot at the examination in a quest to emerge victorious.

A candidate can appear for the NATA examination round the year between 1st March and 30th September at the test centers spread over the states. The criterion for being eligible to appear in the NATA examination is a 10 + 2 with Mathematics or a degree from a recognized university/institution with an aggregate of 50%. The candidate should have attained the age of 17 years at the time of appearing for the examination. Candidates holding International Baccalaureate Diploma with an aggregate of 50% and Maths as a subject can also enroll themselves.

The NATA examination is divided into two sections. Firstly they have to appear for the Paper Based Drawing Test which comprises of 2 questions with one of the question containing a sub question .A candidate ahs two hours to complete the paper. Secondly they have to give the Computer Based Aesthetic Sensitivity Test which comprises of 40 questions which have to be completed in 2 hours. Both the test covers the key areas that a candidate needs to be excellent in to become an architect.

The candidates who need an extra guidance in NATA can also approach the coaching institutes which help them in deciphering the examination in a simple way. BRDS (Bhanwar Rathore Design Studio) has been working with so many students who have, with their guidance cleared the NATA examination.This institute has faculties from NID and NIT who have used their experience and inculcated the same in these candidates which has helped them make a mark.

How to Choose a Counselor

With the growing desire of therapists, locating the best one to your needs is progressively getting harder compared to finding a good mechanic. However, should you find yourself in serious need of one, worry not as the following guide has you well sorted. Listed below are a number of the recommendations you ought to consider whenever you’re looking for the best counselor there is in town.

Find recommendations from friends and family

When looking for the best therapists you have to ensure they are folks you’re able to trust with your secrets and personal matters. The easiest way possible of discovering such an individual is by inquiring from your relatives and buddies you’re in session or have formerly worked with a therapists. Go further and discover whether or not they like their psychologist and if they do, request what specific features about their therapists is it they like and weigh it with your needs before making a thorough decision.
A Simple Plan For Researching Therapists

Gender factor
A Simple Plan: Counselors

Inasmuch as the gender of your therapist has very little impact how a therapist does his or her work, everybody always has an idea regarding the gender they would prefer working with. Therefore when selecting a counselor make sure that you select the sex you are most comfortable working together with as this may help you have an easy time expressing yourself thus boosting your chances of getting support easily.

Training and experience

When choosing a therapist it is important you factor in the individual’s training and experience. Feel free to request and seek clarification regarding their competence levels and the area they’ve an understanding for. This really is crucial since it will allow you to enjoy the sort of services you’re spending money on and also gauge the capability of your potential psychologist to handle your case.

Shop online

When it comes to looking therapist good and convenient do not go hand in hand. This means that a therapist who is easy to get at is not necessarily the best option that you just have. This therefore goes to say that you should not limit the choice of your therapist to your physical location, consider sources such as online resource too. Look for the best psychologist on different site, nonetheless never fail to consider the critiques and buyer feedback to establish whether or not they’re credible.

Costs

When searching for a counselor money is a very important factor that ought to be considered. With your budget allocation, find out the most convenient package that will suit your needs. A counselor charging on an hourly rate might be probably the most affordable as you will only have to pay for the services you are receiving, no more not less.

Unforgettable Types of Equipment for a Party Supply

A party can never be complete without some key supplies. Whatever type of party you are planning to have either small or big make sure you have glassware, mobile bars and a nice touch of crockery. Other than partying the other aim of a party is to impress your guests and without the essential supplies you cannot impress them. Renting the supplies is a cheaper option instead of buying them not unless you will be planning for parties daily. While renting the equipment’s you will be able to consult which pieces of equipment are best for a certain function and you will be able to rent all the types of equipment at one point. The important equipment that you should have include;

Punch bowls and ice buckets are important, punch bowls should be placed as mini bars for those who love alcohol and torts. It is good to mix at least two types of punches and for others offer at least two are three types of alcohol. For you to feel like a celeb it’s good to choose big bowls which are either glass or vintage inspired. Ice buckets should be strategically placed so that you don’t keep running in the fridge for more. You should place ice buckets near minibars and punchbowls. Your party supply you should never miss are the mobile bars and mini bars. It is easy to transform a cabinet into a mini bar just by replacing what is inside with various bottles of wine and spirit. You can place the glasses next to the mini bar and make sure everyone can reach them. Mobile bars with beer taps will do great for a casual party.

You can consider having chairs and chair covers as an important supply and they should be comfortable. The covers may not be necessary but they are used to protect chair from spills and scratches. When holding a formal party it is important to have glassware, crockery and silverware. The three were used in the old age and if you happen to be having old guests they will appreciate having them. Lighting in a party is usually overlooked although is important. For you to have the best festive mood in the party consider the type of a party you are having and choose the lights appropriately. For both indoor and outdoor parties you can hire lights such as the disco balls, lanterns, and string lights. The last thing you can consider are the table scatters because they are very important. Table scatters will bring a festive air to your party when you decide to do away with all other party decorations.
What Research About Stores Can Teach You
The Art of Mastering Parties

Getting off to a home improvement project in Louisville or Indianapolis can be accompanied by a feeling of excitement. However, if you use waste energy on projects that dont do a lot for your home, you may end up regretting it later. How can you zero in on the hot spots and be sure you have made a good call with your renovation plans? It will come back to getting the right advice and using the right contractors. Hit up these five hot spots when its time for home renovation in Louisville or Indianapolis.

1. Bathrooms. Try selling a home without having a realtor march you into your bathroom and point out a few problems spots. You simply cannot go through the sale of a home without addressing some concerns in this room. The only other option is to not do anything and accept a lower price from the buyer. Which would you rather choose? Remember that, by the way, while you are still living there you will be able to enjoy it.

2. Kitchens. The other big spot in the home is the kitchen. Realtors love to point out flaws in this or that area. It is fairly simple. Make sure your cabinets are in good shape and replace any old countertops. After that, take a look at your appliances and see how much they are really worth to you. If you are worried about rising electricity costs, you can probably take care of a good deal of that by replacing the older appliances.

3. The living room. The family gathers there and it is the nerve center of your home, for better or worse. Do you think you can ignore problems in your living room for long? Take the opportunity during renovation time to see if the layout really works for you. Old couches and poorly maintained shelves are much more of a drag than a television set that might not be the latest model.

4. The basement. Should you leave your basement in an unfinished state forever or is it time to turn it into a room you are proud of? You might think it will take a big budget to handle a job like this one, but if the walls in your basement are already finished, you will simply be adding items here and there. It could be a place where you store collections of books or art, or it could be your sanctuary. Its up to you.

5. The backyard. When the summer months are approaching, the place to hit up in a home renovation project is the backyard. Cookouts always seem to go a little better when the landscaping looks just right and the deck is in good shape. If you want to go the extra mile and get a powerful grill which can cook steaks or burgers to perfection, you might end up having to fight off guests as the summer rolls by.

The only place that provides you solace and peace is your home. It is quite obvious that you will definitely want to add a bit of your personality to your abode. You want to make the home livelier by making some changes to it. But it is the lack of finances which is creating hurdles. Since the amount required is quite large, you cannot arrange it on your own. You have to rely on external financial support. However nowadays there are ways and opportunities to help you in this regard. Secured home improvement loan is one such beneficial loan scheme, which enables you to make the necessary changes to your home in a manner that suits you.

This loan is basically a collateral based loan scheme, which means to avail the loan you have to pledge one of your valuable assets as collateral. In most cases, it is your home which acts as a collateral. Placing collateral does not mean that your home is under risk. It simply provides an assurance to the lender that the amount borrowed will be repaid within the specified time period. Moreover, pledging the collateral helps you to avail the loan at very cheap interest rates.

Usually, the amount offered under this loan is large and is largely based on the equity value present in the collateral. In any circumstances, you can obtain amount in the range of 5000-75000. The reimbursement period is large and spans over a period of 5- 25 years. Those with imperfect credit history such as CCJs, IVA, arrears, defaults etc can also avail this loan. However for them, the interest rate charged will be slightly higher.

With the assistance of the loans, you can easily make certain changes to your home. You can use it for extending a room, construction of wall, erecting a swimming pool inside the courtyard, purchasing new furniture etc.

The most lucrative deals on the loan can be sourced by applying online. Not only this, the approval of the loan is fast as compared to other traditional lenders. Further by comparing the rate quotes, you can easily spot lenders offering this loan at cheap rates.

With secured home improvement loan, you have the finance to make the changes to your home according to your taste and sensibility.

Gardening consumers are always looking for low maintenance. Plants and shrubs they can just put in the ground and forget about. That process does not exist. There are plants and shrubs that require less care than others, however. What makes a garden low maintenance?

Creating low maintenance gardens first takes some thought. What may be a chore to you may be a joy to another. Think of the things you enjoy doing in your garden and expand from there. If you don’t enjoy raking leaves, plant evergreens. If you don’t like pruning, plant slow growing shrub material. If you don’t like planting annual flowers every year, plant perennials.

Researching plants growth habits is very important for a low maintenance garden. You’ll want to choose plants that grow slowly and require little pruning. A formal garden is not a good choice for low maintenance. Perennials are a great way to add color to your garden. They come back bigger and better each year with little effort on your part.

Another way to make your garden low maintenance is the way you fertilize. A good organic fertilizer usually gets applied less frequently than a chemical fertilizer. For example, the famous liquid blue fertilizer recommends feeding once per week throughout the growing season. Definitely not low maintenance! Organic fertilizers can be applied as little as twice per season. Once in spring and once in fall (depending on variety). They generally have a slow release and last much longer with better nutrient quality and uptake.

Using good quality garden tools can also make your garden less work. Good, sharp tools will make your jobs easier and take less time.

Mulching your garden in the spring is a must. It is work, however, once it is done it will save you time and money. You will save time weeding because the mulch will keep the weed seeds from germinating and you will save money on your water bill because the mulch helps to retain moisture around the plants.

All gardens need food and water to survive. There are many plants that are drought tolerant once established. This does not mean they never need watering. It means they can tolerate dryer conditions.

Planning is the key to a good low maintenance garden. Once your garden is planted, using the proper tools and fertilizers will minimize work.

It is the general consensus that with a loft conversion there is only one type of design, in reality though there are many types of designs for loft conversions. Architecture Oxford companies specialise in designing unique loft conversions for their clients; here are a few of the designs available.

The most simple and perhaps most common type of loft conversion is known as the roof light conversion. Basically this is where windows are installed into the roof to allow natural light so it becomes a living space and not just an attic. There are different kinds of windows you can have installed; talk to your Oxford architecture company about the different designs and if planning permission will need to be granted.

There is also the dormer conversion; this is becoming more and more popular with terraced houses. This design focuses on increasing the height of your loft so that your converted room benefits from good ceiling height; to do this the roof line will have to be extended. Your Oxford architect should research and see if planning permission will need to be granted for a dormer conversion; you do not want to start without receiving permission first.

There is a loft conversion which involves changing the side of a roof from a hipped shape to a gable end which gives more room in the loft; this is known as a “Hip to Gable” conversion. Your Oxford architects should draw up designs of how they think the new room should be used.

There are a variety of loft conversions available nowadays; however it’s important you choose a design that compliments the infrastructure of your home; consult with your Architecture Oxford Company before deciding a design. Your architects Oxford will know which loft conversion designs will work for your home and which designs will not.

After you have looked at the different loft conversion designs with your architects and chosen the most suitable one for your house you then need to decide what kind of room you’re going to have in your loft conversion. Will it be an extra living space, bedroom or bathroom; you need to consider which type of room will give the most value to your property. You should discuss this factor with both your Oxford architecture team and local estate agents in the Oxfordshire area. Loft conversions tend to add 30K value to a home but they can add as much as up to 150K in area with expensive terraced housing.

A variety of Garden Bridges for your backyard
The most soothing place in the house is the backyard because of plantation and beautiful flowers. Moreover, water elements also help bring life to a backyard. Bridges not only enhance the beauty of such features, they add accessibility. To adorn the look of the backyard, many people think of landscaping. Some consider it to be a tiresome job to add more elegance to the already treasured garden. However, there are a few individuals who just love to change the backyard dcor, perhaps by considering including a water piece, such as a man made stream or pond. This idea is commonly installed for its peace and serenity feel in modern back yards. Dont you think there is a necessity to introduce another special idea that might transform the entire area into a truly spectacular place to spend time in? You should try and install garden bridges.

Do not consider these bridges as an overpass area for the motorists to use. It is not a short cut to walk out of the house through the back door. This miniature version of bridges is basically foot bridges that are used to cross the small pond in the backyard. Also known as landscaping bridges, they give a unique look and style to the most visible feature in your home garden. Whenever you feel like going for a walk in a garden, you can visit your backyard. In todays modern world, the landscape bridges have become an all-time favorite form of garden decor. Apart from that, they also add value to the garden section, and might prove to be one of the causes to increase your property value.

You can purchase these garden bridges from California-based Redwood Garden Bridges. Owner of Clovis, Redwood Bridges, Joe Guraro ensures that the bridges for dry creek, Koi ponds Japanese Gardens and Landscaped Yards are high quality and fish-safe. The design process starts with a series of questions such as will the bridge need to accommodate the elderly or young children? How often will it be used? How much weight should it hold? With this, the company promises to craft a well-constructed, safe product without the use of pressure-treated woods. There are several designs available on the site, allowing the homeowners and interior designers to select with ease. You will find a variety of bridge styles, railing types, and accessories to achieve the look that you desire to have.

Bridges can arch high over pools to leave room for swimmers or sit low over koi ponds, reflecting light into the water from solar post caps. Depending on your backyard area, you can opt for the short or long bridge, which is available with a minimum span of 4 feet and a maximum length of 40 feet. The custom-built bridges are developed by using material options such as California redwood and composite lumber. Hence, you should be assured about the quality control.

So, what are you waiting for? Make your garden look elegant and beautiful with redwood foot bridges.

As anyone who has ever tried to send large files associated with engineering, architecture and construction businesses over the Internet knows, this kind of document transmission can be daunting. Finding a quick and effective way to send your important architecture documents such as blueprints and construction documents like CAD files to your clients online is an ongoing challenge. Although you could use postal mail or a courier service to deliver your documents, this cost can become prohibitive very quickly. Instead, many A/E/C companies turn to new document management tools, which also offer the security and efficiency demanded by top engineering and architectural firms today.

Confidentiality is often needed when working on top architectural, engineering and construction projects, and this in turn plays a part in the methods you select for your architecture document management. The traditional way of sending large work documents was through FTP, or file transfer protocol, which allows you to transfer substantial files over the Internet. However, the security of FTP leaves something to be desired when you are looking for stringent engineering document control, plus you need certain software to make FTP function that is not always easy to work with.

The best engineering document management tools will make sending large documents quick, secure, and easy for you. If you have used your email account to send smaller documents and photos over the Internet, then you are well on your way to understanding how to send major documents via architecture document management tools.

Another benefit to using document management tools is that you will have your own account, so that you can save your important information to your address book and folders, keeping your work more organized and saving you valuable time each time you need to send your large documents. Once the documents have been sent to a client, for example, they can open, view and print the document as needed. Documents can be sent to servers or any web address on the Internet.

Excellent document management tools will also take into consideration the fact that engineers, architects, and construction firms will usually need to send large documents to multiple recipients, and with these effective tools in place, doing so is as easy as a click of your computer mouse. Better document tools will also allow you to use not only Windows but also MacOS X and Linux operating systems.

Check out what is available in superb document management tools designed for engineering, architecture and construction firms online to learn more.